Also called the Giant’s Grave or Massforth Court Tomb. A particularly long court tomb situated in a field beside the graveyard at St. Colman’s Church, Massforth, on the outskirts of Kilkeel. Nothing remains of the… More
Kilmartin Glen, with it’s dense concentration of burial cairns, standing stones and stone circles is one of the richest prehistoric landscapes in Scotland.
It also has the largest concentration of late Neolithic and Bronze Age rock carvings in Scotland and the most impressive of these are the ones at Achnabreck.
They are situated in forestry, on a hillside between Kilmartin Glen and Lochgilphead and a forest road brings you out at a parking and picnic area from where you take the signposted path up the hill to the rock carvings. All of the ancient monuments in Kilmartin Glen have excellent interpretation and access and there’s an information board at the parking area as well as interpretation panels beside the carvings.
The rock art is on two areas of smooth sloping rock which are quite near to each other. Both rock faces are literally covered in cup and ring motifs, spirals and grooves and are remarkable not only for being one of the biggest concentrations of rock art in Britain but also for the number of rings around the cups (up to 9) and for having one of the largest cup-and-ring marks ever recorded, at nearly a metre wide.
There’s a great diversity of motifs, from individual cup marks to cups with concentric rings and spirals. Most of these have grooves, or ducts, running from the centre in a downhill direction. An interesting feature here is that many of the cup and ring motifs are linked together by grooves.
The rock panels are both on south facing slopes and there’s a good view down to the sea at Lochgilphead.
The only other place in Scotland where I’ve seen such a profusion of rock art in one place is at the Ballochmyle rock carvings in Ayrshire.
This visit was in January and unfortunately we missed out on visiting Kilmartin Museum and cafe which were closed during January and February.
The previous day we had followed the path from the museum which takes you along the valley, past all the cairns, stone circles and standing stones. It was an overcast winter’s day with some heavy showers which we narrowly missed. The light was too poor for taking photos but there’s so much to see in Kilmartin Glen that I’ll have to do another post in the future. For now, these are some of the photos I took that day.
After a quiet few months it was the new year and time to get out and about again. The first event of the year was a Scottish Islands archaeology symposium on the Isle of North Uist and among the fieldtrips were one to the beach at Baleshare and another to look at Barpa Langass chambered cairn.
Barpa Langass is the best preserved chambered cairn in the Western Isles and I’ve written about it in a previous post.
It isn’t safe to go inside it nowadays but luckily I had been inside it many years ago. The only thing I would add to the previous post is that after listening to a talk by a local structural engineer about fractures in the capstones and shifting and movement of some of the large orthostats, including the capstones, I will definitely not be going inside again! Not unless money can be found some time in the future to consolidate the structure and make it safe.
BALESHARE (Baile Sear)
Baleshare is a long, low-lying island joined to the rest of North Uist by a causeway.
Taken from the cafe at Claddach Kirkibost, looking across to the northern tip of Baleshare (on the left) and to the southern tip of Kirkibost Island (on the right)
Running down the west side of Baleshare is one continuous 4 mile long sandy beach and at various places along this beach, remains from the Iron-Age have been revealed in the sandy cliffs. Severe erosion from tides and storms is constantly revealing more shell middens and sometimes the walls of wheelhouses, a form of Iron-Age roundhouse characterized by inner radial walls resembling the spokes of a wheel.
Above L – wheelhouse walls sticking out of the sand dunes and R – an excavated wheelhouse about 6 miles away on Grimsay
At the same time as new archaeology is being revealed, existing remains are often being lost to the sea.
The shell middens are depicted by an obvious strata of shells in the cliff face and contain the discarded shells of shellfish as well as animal and fish bones, pottery sherds and other material that had been discarded and put on the midden.
Pieces of pottery and tools made from bone, flint and stone can often be found in the sandy cliff.
Although this is a coastal environment nowadays, these are settlements that would originally have been some distance from the sea. Erosion has been so dramatic, over not only centuries, but millennia, that the coast here once stretched 14km out to sea and a land bridge connected North Uist to the Monach Isles, a chain of low lying sandy islands visible 9 miles to the west.
The whole of the island is now called Baile Sear, which means eastern township and Baile Siar, the western township has long since disappeared under sand and tides.
The photos above are of the shell middens and stone remains at Ceardach Ruadh (translates as the red smiddy) which is to the north of the parking area at the beach. Another site to the south, Sloc Sabhaid, was revealed after a severe hurricane in 2005 and rescue excavations found the remains of Iron-Age roundhouses there to0.
On the east side of Baleshare, a walk from the end of the road takes you to a Neolithic cairn and nearby are some abandoned croft houses.
Above & below – Baleshare is surrounded by shallow tidal waters
Cors-y-Gedol turned out to be a very pleasant surprise. We had planned to spend the day exploring an area south of Harlech, with the main place on our itinerary being the burial cairns at Dyffryn Ardudwy ( previous post).
This was one of the occasions where the information board at one site mentioned another interesting dolmen in the area (one I hadn’t heard of), so after a look round the burial cairn at Dyffryn Ardudwy we headed south from the village and took the next road left to Cors-y-Gedol.
This was a long straight road lined with oak trees and led up the hill to the Elizabethan manor house of Cors-y-Gedol. At the top of the road was a car park which was the starting point for various footpaths and walking routes up into the hills. We parked here and went through a field gate onto a gated farm road that led across the hillside.
It was a very pleasant walk along the road and the dolmen was right beside the road, so no problem finding this one!
The large capstone is supported by an upright at the front but the rear is resting on the cairn material. Like most dolmens, it would have been a long cairn with a cairn of stones covering the chamber and extending some distance to the rear, making it a long trapezoidal shape. This one was about 25m long and some of the cairn material is still clearly visible on the ground.
There isn’t much left of the burial chamber and most of the stones from the cairn would have provided useful building material over the years but it is still a picturesque dolmen in a very attractive setting.
Walking along the road I’d noticed a lot of stones lying around and outlines of stone structures in the grass and undergrowth. Further investigation revealed that the whole area, particularly to the east (on the hill side of the track) was covered in what is probably the remains of hut circles and enclosures. No doubt providing plenty evidence of this area having been inhabited and farmed for thousands of years.
Further along the road I came to this hut circle, probably dating back to the Iron-age.
The remains of the walls are probably quite well preserved underneath the grass and vegetation that’s grown over them.
Oak trees and gnarled hawthorns growing round the rim of the site emphasis the circular shape and give the interior quite an enclosed and private feel.
From the car park you can do a short walk along the road to the cairn, but for a longer circular walk you can carry on until you reach the River Ysgethin. From there you can follow a footpath up the hillside and back down to the car park. The path skirts round this area which is full of intriguing remains. Definitely requires another visit and more investigation!